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MELI(1) General Commands Manual MELI(1) NAME meli – Meli Mail User Agent. meli is the Greek word for honey SYNOPSIS meli [--help | -h] [--version | -v] [--config path] --help | -h Show help message and exit. --version | -v Show version and exit. --config path Start meli with given configuration file. create-config [path] Create configuration file in path if given, or at $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/config.toml test-config [path] Test a configuration file for syntax issues or missing options. man [page] Print documentation page and exit (Piping to a pager is recommended.) print-default-theme Print default theme keys and values in TOML syntax, to be used as a blueprint. print-loaded-themes Print all loaded themes in TOML syntax. DESCRIPTION meli is a terminal mail client aiming for extensive and user-frendly configurability. ^^ .-=-=-=-. ^^ ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ ^^ ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ ( `-=-=-=-(@)-=-=-` ) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-`) `-=-=-=-=-` ^^ STARTING WITH meli When launched for the first time, meli will search for its configuration directory, $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/. If it doesn't exist, you will be asked if you want to create one along with a sample configuration. The sample configuration $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/config.toml includes comments with the basic settings required for setting up accounts allowing you to copy and edit right away. See meli.conf(5) for the available configuration options. At any time, you may press ? to show a searchable list of all available actions and shortcuts, along with every possible setting and command that your version supports. The main visual navigation tool is the left-side sidebar. The menu's visibility may be toggled with ` (shortcuts.listing: toggle_menu_visibility). The view into each mailbox has 4 modes: plain, threaded, conversations and compact. Plain views each mail indvidually, threaded shows their thread relationship visually, and conversations includes one entry per thread of emails (compact is one row per thread). If you're using a light color palette in your terminal, you may set theme = light in the terminal section of your configuration. See meli-themes(5) for complete documentation on user themes. VIEWING MAIL Open attachments by typing their index in the attachments list and then a. meli will attempt to open text inside its pager and other content via xdg-open. Press m instead to use the mailcap entry for the MIME type of the attachment, if any. See FILES for the location of the mailcap files and mailcap(5) for their syntax. SEARCH Each e-mail storage backend has its default search method. IMAP uses the SEARCH command, notmuch uses libnotmuch and Maildir/mbox have to do a slow linear search. Thus it is advised to use a cache on Maildir/mbox accounts. meli, if built with sqlite3, includes the ability to perform full text search on the following fields: From, To, Cc, Bcc, In-Reply-To, References, Subject and Date. The message body (in plain text human readable form) and the flags can also be queried. To enable sqlite3 indexing for an account set cache_type to sqlite3 in the configuration file and to create the sqlite3 index issue command index ACCOUNT_NAME. To search in the message body type your keywords without any special formatting. To search in specific fields, prepend your search keyword with "field:" like so: subject:helloooo or subject:"call for help" or "You remind me today of a small, Mexican chihuahua." not ((from:unrealistic and (to:complex or not query )) or flags:seen,draft) alladdresses:firstname.lastname@example.org and cc:email@example.com Boolean operators are or, and and not (alias: !) String keywords with spaces must be quoted. Quotes should always be escaped. Important Notice about IMAP/JMAP To prevent downloading all your messages from your IMAP/JMAP server, don't set cache_type to sqlite3. meli will relay your queries to the IMAP server. Expect a delay between query and response. Sqlite3 on the contrary at reasonable mailbox sizes should have a non noticable delay. TAGS meli supports tagging in notmuch and IMAP/JMAP backends. Tags can be searched with the `tags:` or `flags:` prefix in a search query, and can be modified by tag add TAG and tag remove TAG (see meli.conf(5) TAGS, settings colors and ignore_tags for how to set tag colors and tag visiblity) COMPOSING To send mail, press m while viewing the appropriate account to open a new composing tab. To reply to a mail, press R. You may edit some of the header fields from within the view, by selecting with the arrow keys and pressing enter to enter INSERT mode. At any time you may press e to launch your editor (see meli.conf(5) COMPOSING, setting editor_cmd for how to select which editor to launch). Attachments may be handled with the add-attachment, remove-attachment commands (see below). Finally, pressing s will send your message by piping it into a binary of your choosing (see meli.conf(5) COMPOSING, setting mailer_cmd). To save your draft without sending it, issue command close and select 'save as draft'. With no Draft or Sent mailbox, meli tries first saving mail in your INBOX and then at any other mailbox. On complete failure to save your draft or sent message it will be saved in your tmp directory instead and you will be notified of its location. To open a draft for editing later, select your draft in the mail listing and press e. Your editor can be used in meli's embed terminal emulator by setting embed to true in your composing settings. When launched, your editor captures all input until it exits or stops. To stop your editor and return to meli issue Ctrl-z and to resume editing press the edit_mail command again (default e). CONTACTS meli supports two kinds of contact backends: 1. an internal format that gets saved under $XDG_DATA_HOME/meli/account_name/addressbook. 2. vCard files (v3, v4) through the vcard_folder option in the account section. The path defined as vcard_folder can hold multiple vCards per file. They are loaded read only. See meli.conf(5) ACCOUNTS for the complete account configuration values. EXECUTE mode Commands are issued in EXECUTE mode, by default started with Space and exited with Escape key. the following commands are valid in the mail listing context: set plain | threaded | compact | conversations set the way mailboxes are displayed ┌──────────────┬─────────────────────────────────────────────────┐ │conversations │ shows one entry per thread │ ├──────────────┼─────────────────────────────────────────────────┤ │compact │ shows one row per thread │ ├──────────────┼─────────────────────────────────────────────────┤ │threaded │ shows threads as a tree structure │ ├──────────────┼─────────────────────────────────────────────────┤ │plain │ shows one row per mail, regardless of threading │ └──────────────┴─────────────────────────────────────────────────┘ sort subject | date asc | desc sort mail listing subsort subject | date asc | desc sorts only the first level of replies. go n where n is a mailbox prefixed with the n number in the side menu for the current account toggle_thread_snooze don't issue notifications for thread under cursor in thread listing search STRING search mailbox with STRING key. Escape exits search results set read, set unread create-mailbox ACCOUNT MAILBOX_PATH create mailbox with given path. Be careful with backends and separator sensitivity (eg IMAP) subscribe-mailbox ACCOUNT MAILBOX_PATH subscribe to mailbox with given path unsubscribe-mailbox ACCOUNT MAILBOX_PATH unsubscribe to mailbox with given path rename-mailbox ACCOUNT MAILBOX_PATH_SRC MAILBOX_PATH_DEST rename mailbox delete-mailbox ACCOUNT MAILBOX_PATH delete mailbox envelope view commands: pipe EXECUTABLE ARGS pipe pager contents to binary list-post post in list of viewed envelope list-unsubscribe unsubscribe automatically from list of viewed envelope list-archive open list archive with xdg-open composing mail commands: add-attachment PATH in composer, add PATH as an attachment add-attachment < CMD ARGS in composer, pipe CMD ARGS output into an attachment remove-attachment INDEX remove attachment with given index toggle sign toggle between signing and not signing this message. If the gpg invocation fails then the mail won't be sent. generic commands: open-in-tab opens envelope view in new tab close closes closeable tabs setenv KEY=VALUE set environment variable KEY to VALUE printenv KEY print environment variable KEY SHORTCUTS Non-complete list of shortcuts and their default values. open_thread '\n' exit_thread 'i' create_contact 'c' edit_contact 'e' prev_page PageUp, next_page PageDown prev_mailbox 'K' next_mailbox 'J' prev_account 'l' next_account 'h' new_mail 'm' scroll_up 'k' scroll_down 'j' page_up PageUp page_down PageDown toggle-menu-visibility '`' select 'v' ` toggles hiding of sidebar in mail listings ? opens up a shortcut window that shows available actions in the current component you are using (eg mail listing, contact list, mail composing) m starts a new mail composer R replies to the viewed mail. u displays numbers next to urls in the body text of an email and ng opens the nth url with xdg-open na opens the nth attachment. nm opens the nth attachment according to its mailcap entry. v (un)selects mail entries in mail listings QUERY ABNF SYNTAX • query = "(" query ")" | from | to | cc | bcc | alladdresses | subject | flags | has_attachments | query "or" query | query "and" query | not query • not = "not" | "!" • quoted = ALPHA / SP *(ALPHA / DIGIT / SP) • term = ALPHA *(ALPHA / DIGIT) | DQUOTE quoted DQUOTE • tagname = term • flagval = "passed" | "replied" | "seen" | "read" | "junk" | "trash" | "trashed" | "draft" | "flagged" | tagname • flagterm = flagval | flagval "," flagterm • from = "from:" term • to = "to:" term • cc = "cc:" term • bcc = "bcc:" term • alladdresses = "alladdresses:" term • subject = "subject:" term • flags = "flags:" flag | "tags:" flag | "is:" flag EXIT STATUS meli exits with 0 on a successful run. Other exit statuses are: 1 catchall for general errors ENVIRONMENT EDITOR Specifies the editor to use MELI_CONFIG Override the configuration file NO_COLOR When present (regardless of its value), prevents the addition of ANSI color. The configuration value use_color overrides this. FILES meli uses the following parts of the XDG standard: XDG_CONFIG_HOME defaults to ~/.config/ XDG_CACHE_HOME defaults to ~/.cache/ and appropriates the following locations: $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/ User configuration directory. $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/config.toml User configuration file. See meli.conf(5) for its syntax and values. $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/hooks/* Reserved for event hooks. $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/plugins/* Reserved for plugin files. $XDG_CACHE_HOME/meli/* Internal cached data used by meli. $XDG_DATA_HOME/meli/* Internal data used by meli. $XDG_DATA_HOME/meli/meli.log Operation log. /tmp/meli/* Temporary files generated by meli. Mailcap entries are searched for in the following files, in this order: 1. $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/mailcap 2. $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/.mailcap 3. $HOME/.mailcap 4. /etc/mailcap 5. /usr/etc/mailcap 6. /usr/local/etc/mailcap SEE ALSO meli.conf(5), meli-themes(5), xdg-open(1), mailcap(5) CONFORMING TO XDG Standard ⟨https://standards.freedesktop.org/basedir-spec/basedir-spec-latest.html⟩, maildir ⟨https://cr.yp.to/proto/maildir.html⟩, IMAPv4rev1 RFC3501, The JSON Meta Application Protocol (JMAP) RFC8620, The JSON Meta Application Protocol (JMAP) for Mail RFC8621. AUTHORS Copyright 2017-2019 Manos Pitsidianakis ⟨firstname.lastname@example.org⟩ Released under the GPL, version 3 or greater. This software carries no warranty of any kind. (See COPYING for full copyright and warranty notices.) ⟨https://meli.delivery⟩ Debian July 29, 2019 Debian