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MELI(1) General Commands Manual MELI(1) NAME meli – Meli Mail User Agent. meli is the Greek word for honey SYNOPSIS meli [--help | -h] [--version | -v] [--config path] --help | -h Show help message and exit. --version | -v Show version and exit. --config path Start meli with given configuration file. create-config [path] Create configuration file in path if given, or at $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/config.toml test-config [path] Test a configuration file for syntax issues or missing options. man [page] Print documentation page and exit (Piping to a pager is recommended.) print-default-theme Print default theme keys and values in TOML syntax, to be used as a blueprint. print-loaded-themes Print all loaded themes in TOML syntax. view View mail from input file. DESCRIPTION meli is a terminal mail client aiming for extensive and user-frendly configurability. ^^ .-=-=-=-. ^^ ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ ^^ ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ ( `-=-=-=-(@)-=-=-` ) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-=-=-`) ^^ ^^ (`-=-=-=-=-`) `-=-=-=-=-` ^^ STARTING WITH meli When launched for the first time, meli will search for its configuration directory, $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/. If it doesn't exist, you will be asked if you want to create one and presented with a sample configuration file ($XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/config.toml) that includes the basic settings required for setting up accounts allowing you to copy and edit right away. See meli.conf(5) for the available configuration options. At any time, you may press ? for a searchable list of all available actions and shortcuts, along with every possible setting and command that your version supports. The main visual navigation tool, the left-side sidebar may be toggled with ` (shortcuts.listing: toggle_menu_visibility). Each mailbox may be viewed in 4 modes: Plain views each mail individually, Threaded shows their thread relationship visually, Conversations collapses each thread of emails into a single entry, Compact shows one row per thread. If you're using a light color palette in your terminal, you should set theme = light in the terminal section of your configuration. See meli-themes(5) for complete documentation on user themes. VIEWING MAIL Open attachments by typing their index in the attachments list and then a (shortcut open_attachment). meli will attempt to open text inside its pager, and other content via xdg-open. Press m (shortcut open_mailcap) instead to use the mailcap entry for the MIME type of the attachment, if any. See FILES for the location of the mailcap files and mailcap(5) for their syntax. You can save individual attachments with the COMMAND save-attachment INDEX path-to-file where INDEX is the attachment's index in the listing. If the zeroth index is provided, the entire message is saved. If the path provided is a directory, the message is saved as an eml file with its filename set to the messages message-id. SEARCH Each e-mail storage backend has a default search method assigned. IMAP uses the SEARCH command, notmuch uses libnotmuch and Maildir/mbox performs a slow linear search. It is advised to use a search backend on Maildir/mbox accounts. meli, if built with sqlite3, includes the ability to perform full text search on the following fields: From, To, Cc, Bcc, In-Reply-To, References, Subject and Date. The message body (in plain text human readable form) and the flags can also be queried. To enable sqlite3 indexing for an account set search_backend to sqlite3 in the configuration file and to create the sqlite3 index issue command index ACCOUNT_NAME. To search in the message body type your keywords without any special formatting. To search in specific fields, prepend your search keyword with "field:" like so: subject:helloooo or subject:"call for help" or "You remind me today of a small, Mexican chihuahua." not ((from:unrealistic and (to:complex or not query )) or flags:seen,draft) alladdresses:email@example.com and cc:firstname.lastname@example.org Boolean operators are or, and and not (alias: !) String keywords with spaces must be quoted. Quotes should always be escaped. Important Notice about IMAP/JMAP To prevent downloading all your messages from your IMAP/JMAP server, don't set search_backend to sqlite3. meli will relay your queries to the IMAP server. Expect a delay between query and response. Sqlite3 on the contrary at reasonable mailbox sizes should have a non noticable delay. QUERY ABNF SYNTAX • query = "(" query ")" | from | to | cc | bcc | alladdresses | subject | flags | has_attachments | query "or" query | query "and" query | not query • not = "not" | "!" • quoted = ALPHA / SP *(ALPHA / DIGIT / SP) • term = ALPHA *(ALPHA / DIGIT) | DQUOTE quoted DQUOTE • tagname = term • flagval = "passed" | "replied" | "seen" | "read" | "junk" | "trash" | "trashed" | "draft" | "flagged" | tagname • flagterm = flagval | flagval "," flagterm • from = "from:" term • to = "to:" term • cc = "cc:" term • bcc = "bcc:" term • alladdresses = "alladdresses:" term • subject = "subject:" term • flags = "flags:" flag | "tags:" flag | "is:" flag TAGS meli supports tagging in notmuch and IMAP/JMAP backends. Tags can be searched with the `tags:` or `flags:` prefix in a search query, and can be modified by tag add TAG and tag remove TAG (see meli.conf(5) TAGS, settings colors and ignore_tags for how to set tag colors and tag visiblity) COMPOSING Opening the message Composer tab To create a new mail message, press m (shortcut new_mail) while viewing a mailbox. To reply to a mail, press R (shortcut reply). Both these actions open the mail composer view in a new tab. Editing text • Edit the header fields by selecting with the arrow keys and pressing enter to enter INSERT mode and Esc key to exit. • At any time you may press e (shortcut edit_mail) to launch your editor (see meli.conf(5) COMPOSING, setting editor_command for how to select which editor to launch). • Your editor can be used in meli's embed terminal emulator by setting embed to true in your composing settings. • When launched, your editor captures all input until it exits or stops. • To stop your editor and return to meli press Ctrl-z and to resume editing press the edit_mail command again (default e). Attachments Attachments may be handled with the add-attachment, remove-attachment commands (see below). Sending Finally, pressing s (shortcut send_mail) will send your message according to your settings (see meli.conf(5) COMPOSING, setting send_mail). With no Draft or Sent mailbox, meli tries first saving mail in your INBOX and then at any other mailbox. On complete failure to save your draft or sent message it will be saved in your tmp directory instead and you will be notified of its location. Drafts To save your draft without sending it, issue COMMAND close and select 'save as draft'. To open a draft for further editing, select your draft in the mail listing and press edit_mail. CONTACTS meli supports two kinds of contact backends: 1. an internal format that gets saved under $XDG_DATA_HOME/meli/account_name/addressbook. 2. vCard files (v3, v4) through the vcard_folder option in the account section. The path defined as vcard_folder can hold multiple vCards per file. They are loaded read only. See meli.conf(5) ACCOUNTS for the complete account configuration values. MODES NORMAL is the default mode COMMAND commands are issued in COMMAND mode, by default started with : and exited with Esc key. EMBED is the mode of the embed terminal emulator INSERT captures all input as text input, and is exited with Esc key. COMMAND Mode Mail listing commands set plain | threaded | compact | conversations set the way mailboxes are displayed +----------------------------------------------------------------+ |conversations shows one entry per thread | |compact shows one row per thread | |threaded shows threads as a tree structure | |plain shows one row per mail, regardless of threading | +----------------------------------------------------------------+ sort subject | date asc | desc sort mail listing subsort subject | date asc | desc sorts only the first level of replies. go n where n is a mailbox prefixed with the n number in the side menu for the current account toggle thread_snooze don't issue notifications for thread under cursor in thread listing search STRING search mailbox with STRING query. Escape exits search results. select STRING select threads matching STRING query. set seen, set unseen Set seen status of message. import FILEPATH MAILBOX_PATH Import mail from file into given mailbox. copyto, moveto MAILBOX_PATH Copy or move to other mailbox. copyto, moveto ACCOUNT MAILBOX_PATH Copy or move to another account's mailbox. delete Delete selected threads. export-mbox FILEPATH Export selected threads to mboxcl2 file. create-mailbox ACCOUNT MAILBOX_PATH create mailbox with given path. Be careful with backends and separator sensitivity (eg IMAP) subscribe-mailbox ACCOUNT MAILBOX_PATH subscribe to mailbox with given path unsubscribe-mailbox ACCOUNT MAILBOX_PATH unsubscribe to mailbox with given path rename-mailbox ACCOUNT MAILBOX_PATH_SRC MAILBOX_PATH_DEST rename mailbox delete-mailbox ACCOUNT MAILBOX_PATH deletes mailbox in the mail backend. This action is unreversible. Mail view commands pipe EXECUTABLE ARGS pipe pager contents to binary list-post post in list of viewed envelope list-unsubscribe unsubscribe automatically from list of viewed envelope list-archive open list archive with xdg-open composing mail commands add-attachment PATH in composer, add PATH as an attachment add-attachment < CMD ARGS in composer, pipe CMD ARGS output into an attachment add-attachment-file-picker Launch command defined in the configuration value file_picker_command in meli.conf(5) TERMINAL add-attachment-file-picker < CMD ARGS Launch command CMD ARGS. The command should print file paths in stderr, separated by NULL bytes. remove-attachment INDEX remove attachment with given index toggle sign toggle between signing and not signing this message. If the gpg invocation fails then the mail won't be sent. See meli.conf(5) PGP for PGP configuration. save-draft saves a copy of the draft in the Draft folder generic commands open-in-tab opens envelope view in new tab close closes closeable tabs setenv KEY=VALUE set environment variable KEY to VALUE printenv KEY print environment variable KEY quit Quits meli. reload-config Reloads configuration but only if account configuration is unchanged. Useful if you want to reload some settings without restarting meli. SHORTCUTS See meli.conf(5) SHORTCUTS for shortcuts and their default values. EXIT STATUS meli exits with 0 on a successful run. Other exit statuses are: 1 catchall for general errors 101 process panic ENVIRONMENT EDITOR Specifies the editor to use MELI_CONFIG Override the configuration file NO_COLOR When present (regardless of its value), prevents the addition of ANSI color. The configuration value use_color overrides this. FILES meli uses the following parts of the XDG standard: XDG_CONFIG_HOME defaults to ~/.config/ XDG_CACHE_HOME defaults to ~/.cache/ and appropriates the following locations: $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/ User configuration directory $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/config.toml User configuration file, see meli.conf(5) for its syntax and values. $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/hooks/* Reserved for event hooks. $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/plugins/* Reserved for plugin files. $XDG_CACHE_HOME/meli/* Internal cached data used by meli. $XDG_DATA_HOME/meli/* Internal data used by meli. $XDG_DATA_HOME/meli/meli.log Operation log. /tmp/meli/* Temporary files generated by meli. Mailcap entries are searched for in the following files, in this order: 1. $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/meli/mailcap 2. $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/.mailcap 3. $HOME/.mailcap 4. /etc/mailcap 5. /usr/etc/mailcap 6. /usr/local/etc/mailcap SEE ALSO meli.conf(5), meli-themes(5), xdg-open(1), mailcap(5) CONFORMING TO XDG Standard ⟨https://standards.freedesktop.org/basedir-spec/basedir-spec-latest.html⟩, maildir ⟨https://cr.yp.to/proto/maildir.html⟩, IMAPv4rev1 RFC3501, The JSON Meta Application Protocol (JMAP) RFC8620, The JSON Meta Application Protocol (JMAP) for Mail RFC8621. AUTHORS Copyright 2017-2019 Manos Pitsidianakis ⟨email@example.com⟩ Released under the GPL, version 3 or greater. This software carries no warranty of any kind. (See COPYING for full copyright and warranty notices.) ⟨https://meli.delivery⟩ Debian July 29, 2019 Debian